a The original name of Beth-el (Gen. 28:19). b A place named Luz was built in the land of the Hittites, by a man of the city of Luz that was renamed Beth-el. This man, with his family, was spared by the Israelites when they conquered Beth-el and destroyed its Canaanitish inhabitants (Judg. 1:23-26).
Meta. Beth-el means house of God. Luz means separation. In Luz we also find an idea of substance and strength (almond tree, a shrub bearing nuts, bone), but of a more or less material character because of the belief that man and his qualities are something separate from Spirit (bending, turning away, departing). That which at first we conceived to be apart from God, however, we find to be His very abode. The stone that Jacob had for a pillow no doubt seemed very hard and material, with no suggestion, to the outer senses, of anything of a spiritual nature. But when Jacob awoke out of his sleep, he said: "Surely Jehovah is in this place; and I knew it not. And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven" (Gen. 28:16, 17). When the consciousness is first being awakened to the divine presence, a fear sometimes comes over one after some deep, inner realization of Spirit. This is because of the carnal that cannot stand in the presence of God, but must decrease as the Christ increases in consciousness.