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Luke 19 with Metaphysical Footnotes (ASV)

(Online: ASV WEB)

Jesus and Zacchaeus

19:1And he entered and was passing through Jericho. 19:2And behold, a man called by name Zacchaeus1; and he was a chief publican, and he was rich. 19:3And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the crowd, because he was little of stature. 19:4And he ran on before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way. 19:5And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to-day I must abide at thy house.2 19:6And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully. 19:7And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, He is gone in to lodge with a man that is a sinner. 19:8And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wrongfully exacted aught of any man, I restore fourfold.3 19:9And Jesus said unto him, To-day is salvation come to this house, forasmuch as he also is a son of Abraham.19:10For the Son of man came to seek and to save that which was lost.4

  1. Zacchaeus means “purified.” He was small of stature and smaller still in his dealings with his fellows. Avarice had walled him in within the narrow limits of his own selfishness.
  2. Jesus spoke kindly to Zacchaeus, engaged him in conversation, and spent the day as a guest in his home. As He talked He taught Zacchaeus the meaning of honesty, and His own manifest integrity impressed the chief publican.
  3. Zacchaeus was honest with himself. He did not care what people thought of him but satisfied his curiosity at the expense of his dignity. He at least followed his impulses honestly, and when he became interested in goodness (incarnated in Jesus), he at once investigated goodness.
  4. Avarice gives place to honesty, and the man is transformed from a petty trickster to an open-minded, fair-dealing citizen, intent on righting the wrongs that he has done in his ignorance.

The Parable of the Ten Pounds

19:11And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was immediately to appear. 19:12He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country, to receive for himself a kingdom1, and to return. 19:13And he called ten servants of his, and gave them ten pounds2, and said unto them, Trade ye herewith till I come. 19:14But his citizens hated him, and sent an ambassage after him, saying, We will not that this man reign over us. 19:15And it came to pass, when he was come back again, having received the kingdom, that he commanded these servants, unto whom he had given the money, to be called to him, that he might know what they had gained by trading.3 19:16And the first came before him, saying, Lord, thy pound hath made ten pounds more.19:17And he said unto him, Well done, thou good servant: because thou wast found faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.4 19:18And the second came, saying, Thy pound, Lord, hath made five pounds. 19:19And he said unto him also, Be thou also over five cities. 19:20And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I kept laid up in a napkin: 19:21for I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that which thou layedst not down, and reapest that which thou didst not sow. 19:22He saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I am an austere man, taking up that which I laid not down, and reaping that which I did not sow; 19:23then wherefore gavest thou not my money into the bank, and I at my coming should have required it with interest? 19:24And he said unto them that stood by, Take away from him the pound,5 and give it unto him that hath the ten pounds. 19:25And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds. 19:26I say unto you, that unto every one that hath shall be given; but from him that hath not, even that which he hath shall be taken away from him. 19:27But these mine enemies, that would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.

  1. Christ, the Son of Divine Mind, is the nobleman. The kingdom in the far country, which he is to receive, is spiritual dominion.
  2. Servants, pounds. The servants represent the faculties, and the pounds represent the senses, which are dual in their expression. This incident represents the first quickening, or the first coming to man’s consciousness of the Christ, or spiritual self. The activity of the senses is under the direction of the faculties.
  3. What they had gained by trading. At the second coming, or the second conscious realization of Christ, we are expected to increase the capacity of every faculty, on every plane of consciousness.
  4. Have thou also over ten cities. We are given power and dominion over certain thought centers, of cities, and great increase in the ability to realize and demonstrate Spirit.
  5. Take away from him the pound. The inaction results in atrophy and uselessness. “Take away from him the pound, and give it unto him that hath the ten pounds.”

Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem

19:28And when he had thus spoken, he went on before, going up to Jerusalem.

19:29And it came to pass, when he drew nigh unto Bethphage and Bethany1, at the mount that is called Olivet, he sent two of the disciples, 19:30saying, Go your way into the village over against you; in which as ye enter ye shall find a colt2 tied, whereon no man ever yet sat: loose him, and bring him. 19:31And if any one ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say, The Lord hath need of him.3 19:32And they that were sent went away, and found even as he had said unto them. 19:33And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt? 19:34And they said, The Lord hath need of him. 19:35And they brought him to Jesus: and they threw their garments upon the colt, and set Jesus thereon. 19:36And as he went, they spread their garments in the way. 19:37And as he was now drawing nigh, even at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice4 for all the mighty works which they had seen; 19:38saying,

Blessed is the King

that cometh in the name of the Lord:

peace in heaven,

and glory in the highest.

19:39And some of the Pharisees5 from the multitude said unto him, Teacher, rebuke thy disciples. 19:40And he answered and said, I tell you that, if these shall hold their peace, the stones will cry out.voice6

Cf. Matt. 21:1-10; Mark 11:1-11a; John 12:12-19

  1. These symbols indicate the centers where the life forces are gathered in the organism. They indicate not only subconscious spiritual potentialities, but also the houses, or cell centers, through which the forces work.
  2. Colt. A burden bearer, and we locate its house, or center, in the abdominal region. Unregenerate man never has sat upon or controlled this animal force, and in the natural order of expression it never has been directed in the right way.
  3. The Lord hath need of him. In order to quicken and energize every cell in the organism, it is necessary that a fuller consciousness of the life force be realized.
  4. The loud voice represents the outer manifestation through the power of the spoken word. By our words we should joyously express the evidences of life that well up within us.
  5. Pharisees. The old conservative states of consciousness that would suppress the natural enthusiasm and joy of spirit.
  6. Stones will cry out. Crystallized and stored-up forces of the organism, which are set free in regeneration, will react upon the nerve centers and will cause them to cry out in pain.

Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem

19:41And when he drew nigh, he saw the city and wept over it, 19:42saying, If thou hadst known in this day, even thou, the things which belong unto peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. 19:43For the days shall come upon thee, when thine enemies shall cast up a bank about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, 19:44and shall dash thee to the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another1; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.

  1. Jerusalem represents peace. Whoever does not realize peace in himself, but who consciously or unconsciously promotes discord in his environment and expresses it inwardly, has no understanding of peace. For him there is no true peace of mind.

Jesus Cleanses the Temple

19:45And he entered into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold, 19:46saying unto them, It is written,

And my house shall be a house of prayer1:

but ye have made it a den of robbers2.

19:47And he was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the principal men of the people sought to destroy him: 19:48and they could not find what they might do; for the people all hung upon him, listening.

  1. The temple of man's body consciousness should be constantly in touch with God through meditation and prayer.
  2. Den of robbers. Through entertaining fears, worries, anxieties, doubts, suspicions, and other negative thoughts, man loses his peace of mind, and his body becomes a prey to destructive forces.

Fillmore Study Bible annotations compiled by Mark Hicks

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