A place named with Pekod and Koa, and the Babylonians, Chaldeans, and Assyrians, with whom Oholibah, or Jerusalem, had defiled herself; it was prophesied that these places were to be raised up against her, "because thou art polluted with their idols" (Ezek. 23:23, 30).
Meta. This must refer to outer ideas of and trust in worldly riches, in manifest substance, without an understanding of or a real love for the true, inner, spiritual riches that must stand back of every manifestation that is to be abiding (rich, broad, noble, opulent, a place wherein Jerusalem defiled herself, and by which she was to be assailed). "Because thou sayest, I am rich, and have gotten riches, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art the wretched one and miserable and poor and blind and naked: I counsel thee to buy of me gold refined by fire, that thou mayest become rich; and white garments, that thou mayest clothe thyself, and that the shame of thy nakedness be not made manifest; and eyesalve to anoint thine eyes, that thou mayest see" (Rev. 3:17, 18; see Luke 12:16-21 also).