a A city of Judah, toward the border of Edom in the south (Josh. 15:23). b A city in Galilee, in the hill country of Naphtali, that was set apart for a city of refuge (Josh. 20:7). c A city of Issachar, that was given over to the Gershomite Levites (I Chron. 6:72). This city is thought to be the same place that is mentioned in Joshua 12:22. Kadesh is the same name.