Matthew 21 with Metaphysical Footnotes (ASV)
Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem
21:1And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem1, and came unto Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 21:2saying unto them, Go into the village that is over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her:2 loose them, and bring them unto me. 21:3And if any one say aught unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them;3 and straightway he will send them. 21:4Now this is come to pass, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying,
21:5Tell ye the daughter of Zion,
Behold, thy King cometh unto thee,
And upon a colt the foal of an ass.
21:6And the disciples went, and did even as Jesus appointed them, 21:7and brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their garments; and he sat thereon. 21:8And the most part of the multitude spread their garments in the way; and others cut branches from the trees, and spread them in the way. 21:9And the multitudes that went before him, and that followed, cried, saying,
Hosanna in the highest. 4
- The I AM, in order to overcome the personal self and gain dominion and power, draws near to the center of peace in man’s heart (Jerusalem)
- The untrained animal forces
- The Lord hath need of them. The animal nature with its untried forces is not to be crushed or destroyed by man, but that through the I AM he is to master and control it and make it serve him.
- Hosannas of the multitude and the spreading of garments and branches of trees. Joyful obedience and homage that all the thoughts in one's mind give when error is overcome.
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
21:12And Jesus entered into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of he money-changers, and the seats of them that sold the doves; 121:13and he saith unto them, It is written,
but ye make it a den of robbers.
21:14And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple; and he healed them. 21:15But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children that were crying in the temple and saying, Hosanna to the son of David; they were moved with indignation, 21:16and said unto him, Hearest thou what these are saying? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea: did ye never read,
Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings
thou has perfected praise?
- The temple is the body of man, and the desires, fears, and other negative emotions that act as destructive forces in the body or that put it to unworthy uses are they that sell and buy. With His word Jesus cast out these negations.
Jesus Curses the Fig Tree
21:18Now in the morning as he returned to the city, he hungered. 21:19And seeing a fig tree by the way side, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only; and he saith unto it, Let there be no fruit from thee henceforward for ever. And immediately the fig tree withered away. 21:20And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How did the fig tree immediately wither away? 21:21And Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do what is done to the fig tree, but even if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou taken up and cast into the sea, it shall be done. 21:22And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.
Cf. Mark 11:12-14,20-24
The Authority of Jesus Questioned
21:23And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people1 came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?2 21:24And Jesus answered and said unto them, I also will ask you one question, which if ye tell me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do these things. 21:25The baptism of John, whence was it? from heaven or from men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why then did ye not believe him? 21:26But if we shall say, From men; we fear the multitude; for all hold John as a prophet. 21:27And they answered Jesus, and said, We know not. He also said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.3
- The religious thoughts that follow strictly the forms and ceremonies of religion, but do not recognize that the authority of Spirit that underlies them is greater than the outward forms and ceremonies.
- The teacher of Truth must know Truth, be able to distinguish it from error, and be conscious of its essence within him. The authority of man's inner conviction and knowledge is pre-eminent.
- The Christ, having divine authority, cannot be fettered or bound by the reasonings of the intellect.
The Parable of the Two Sons
21:28But what think ye? A man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to-day in the vineyard. 21:29And he answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented himself, and went. 21:30And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not. 21:31Which of the two did the will of his father? 1They say, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, that the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you. 21:32For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not; but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye saw it, did not even repent yourselves afterward, that ye might believe him.
- Jesus explains that those who had lived in error and had changed their ways were closer to spiritual understanding than were the religious "authorities" who ignored God's will.
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
21:33Hear another parable: There was a man that was a householder,1 who planted a vineyard,2 and set a hedge about it, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen,3 and went into another country. 21:34And when the season of the fruits drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, to receive his fruits. 21:35And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another. 21:36Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them in like manner. 21:37But afterward he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son. 21:38But the husbandmen, when they saw the son, said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and take his inheritance. 21:39And they took him, and cast him forth out of the vineyard, and killed him. 21:40When therefore the lord of the vineyard shall come, what will he do unto those husbandmen? 21:41They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will let out the vineyard unto other husbandmen,4 who shall render him the fruits in their seasons. 21:42Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures,
The stone which the builders rejected,
The same was made the head of the corner;
This was from the Lord,
And it is marvelous in our eyes?
21:43Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken away from you, and shall be given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. 21:44And he that falleth on this stone shall be broken to pieces: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust.
21:45And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them. 21:46And when they sought to lay hold on him, they feared the multitudes, because they took him for a prophet.
- Householder, Son. The householder is God; his son is the Christ or Son of God, the divine idea man in expression.
- Vineyard. In the body consciousness
- Husbandmen. The "scribes" and "Pharisees" or the external religious thoughts and formal beliefs of man. They "kill" the servants of the householder (Moses and the prophets, which represent the evolutionary process of developing understanding).
- By loosening the hold of man-made custom and authority over his life (destroying the miserable husbandmen, the scribes and Pharisees) and putting in its place the authority of intuitive Truth or inspiration (other husbandmen)
Fillmore Study Bible annotations compiled by Mark Hicks
Following Entry: Matthew 22